Reflux and Regurgitation in Infants
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) indicates that the gastric content of the infant flows back from the stomach via the oesophagus into the mouth. The situation of mild (or ‘silent’) reflux is quite common in infants, especially during the first months, and can be seen as physiological if this occurs in a healthy well growing infant. Another word used to define this problem is ‘regurgitation’.
Constipation affects around 15% of infants in their first year of life however diagnosing constipation can be difficult, as it requires a parent to assess what is considered normal for an infant’s stools and behavioural issues.
Optimal growth and development in childhood is essential for long-term human health and well-being. However, there are a number of reasons why children can have difficulties growing optimally. Inadequate growth may occur in children who have an underlying disease/condition such as a neurodisability e.g. cerebral palsy, a congenital heart defect, cystic fibrosis , liver disease or cancer.